When negotiating a convertible note or a convertible equity instrument, there are a few key terms in the negotiation that are significant for the investor and the entrepreneur. In a previous article, we discussed the differences between convertible notes and convertible equity. This article discusses the important terms in convertible notes and convertible equity, including the cap and the discount. Read more
Convertible equity has gained popularity in Silicon Valley after Y Combinator made its Simple Agreement for Future Equity (or “SAFE”) available for free and used it for all of its startups. Since then, 500 Startups followed suit with its affectionately-named KISS document. The intent in creating the convertible equity was to provide a better tool–compared to the convertible note and preferred stock–to handle early-stage investments by angel investors.
Raising funds from friends and family often seems like the logical first step for a new business to raise money. After all, you will be hard pressed to find an investor who is willing to shell out funds when your whole business is simply a couple motivated people with a great idea. However, accepting money from friends and family is not as straight forward as it may seem. This article discusses various options for structuring an investment from friends and family. Read more
When issuing “securities,” it is necessary to pay attention to state “blue sky” laws, in addition to federal securities laws. If you are relying on a federal exemption that does not preempt state laws, then you have to make sure that a state exemption applies to the debt or equity transaction as well. This article describes the common California securities exemptions that may apply to an early-stage startup. Read more